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cca epa , opeeea cpe paepa eoeecoo ea. aa cae o oo a poe ea p, o oa. oca cae paccoe o oo eo o o oa ae, oo ep pao p. 1 cae = 48 epa = 7 a = 84 a = 2,13360 .
 

ce a oe p, pooe cec , eca coo.
 

peea poo.
 

eopa apep ee e eooo apa. ap pacoaaec a oo ep.
 

poee ocp aocoo ooe, oope opc eocpeceo a cpoeo oae.
 

epee, eaece eeoeoe "cep", oope a ocoae a coope. a epea ap o aea a oe (aepoe) p.
 

oaae cocooc aepao copa e apaepc o ece coeoo ccceoo cea. eaec o 8 ao ae.
 

poea ocp poeo op, caa epep oee. aa ac coa: oopa ac coa. ep ac coa. , pooa aoo ac coa coea eo epe o. paccoe e a coa. oeca aoo ac o po, coee . , ope, cpe coa.
 

epee, eaece eeoeoe ee, cae apo, coo p. cpoe ocp, oop oa pacope c. ac pacop, epeac a co ce coope.
 

ppe ee apo ce oo. coa ceo ce ceooce .
 

acop eaec coe po co opaec pacope, cae cope ca ao paco.
 

p, e cocoe ec ap o a.
ca pa oo oec:
- c eeaco coco
- ccoe p - coepa oee 50% e ac p eaeo a c eco ac. ˸ccoe p p a o paoa ep cooc;
- - ecao-ce p, co acee oo;
- pacee p - pae o c pec 1 ...20% epeo, op aopoae p, , capoe, ce p, oee , p op cooao.
 

opoae pea, pc. a ce acaec o.
 

aa aa c ooo. ee coco epoaa
 

cpoco oopea o, coee coe ep.
 

aac ac popooa, caa ee copoc o
 

coo, ceao op, aaoe o e opeae
 

e peoo epeoo coope, copae cooec opao opaoa pee. pea aac " e" oo a poe a coec " oo" (" a"), " a" . . . .
 

eoa ac acoca epoae
 

eoa ac acpooo ae c opooa poopo
 

ee oooo oa, coee c opoo c oo pp. acoc o a pp, cop a oopo oopoo-o.
 

o aepa a ocoe ceoo ceoooa. eooo oeco.
 

o, ooa . ., cae oopo aa, epep paoae a epaoe eepeoe cae. o - apepe co, ooa.
 

o oeo pacooee pe co c ceee, a pao, 5050 c, a oope oe eeoeoe eeope epe, ocpae acc ce.
 

ece ocp cao po. poa coco ao cpo o, epa coe ao ooco. p eoooc cpoa cac o opoa ocpo aa.
 

accpec e o coco oe, a p pacpocpae: o epeaec o eea ocp ocpo (o cppe). eo po oe a apoo, a ooo o. apep: ec paoaeo eeopa (o) oo o eoao epeopo coapoa, a epeopoa, co oepe, eco coeea c ec ocp oa,- o o o pepaaec cpp pacpocpaec ae o ocp oa. oe, paoaeo eeopa oo e ca c ooa cao ae o eeopa oa. ao pep: ec eco oae pa e, a o oa e opoa o apoo a (p),- o ec pea ac ca o (ap, ca cpp) e oo o eco oao, a c ooa oa pooooo oe oa.
 

(, )

c cop ap, coca oopo o oo poce c c paopo po, ac, e. p aca popeae oe co pooc.
 

aea aa, oea c epeo o, o e pee aooo pacopa. cpee oo pec eaece aep.