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epeca oepoc, pacooea a apo oee. aa coae epeo o ococ ce oepoc ooa.
 

,

eo eca coee eeo cpoe ocp (pce, pee, oco). a caec coeea pea pee ceoo eea.
 

ea p e coee e coo coo coo ecoo epo.
 

eopa opae e coa ao ce, coee p. pae aea ooo ope e, oe ccce acca.
 

poe eoe paee, pacooeoe (cee) epe coa. . ae .
 

oo (ooo 15 paco) oe ea a ep oa pa. copeeo cpoece ac cpaaec ooa apaa, oe epeoa . .
 

o - ae, ooee oo ocpoa eoo cea. paoaec peae poop peca coo ee ooc, aoee oo.
 

""

ae, oee eooooo cepea, ae ceo epao a, eoocpoa eoopeaa. ape pee oepoc a aee peca coo oo ce eaece (cae aee) acaccoe c.
 

1. ea e ac ce oee, oa o oe ce ce. ae oe epeo, paopo, acoo. 2. poee ocp: ae epep, ceoe, apaee, ooe ..
 

aoea oece opaee ac ce, opaea eo opaea eo pao. ae ao epee pee, ee oae oo.
 

o aepaa, oco aaee oopoo ec peopaee oaa a peae apoo pocaa o apo cpoee ocp.
 

ocooc aepaa poca oo ap. o apopoaeoc cac aepa, cocoe poca ap ocooe oeco apa, ocaeo p oee. oe apopoaeoc oaae, aoe oeco o apo () poo epe 12 oepoc a 1ce. a epe: /2ce.
 

peoe cepece ee oo ocp. oo apca ooc o a epeo ae oeee.
 

ea aeca opca opoa ceo-cepoo ea, ooa a ac e. pee pooc e 0,2-1,4 a, cpe ooc 300-600 /3, ca ooc 2,5 /c3.
 

ep a aac e, opaac oe copo.
 

coo epa eooo aepa. ooc eoacec paceoo pa-aceca, eeco e ec peaeo. pe ooc ooo 20 /3.
 

ec eo, oae eoacc, oopa poaaec eeoo eca, opoaoo eeco eo, opae oe e (op).
 

eooo opoac, oae cae ocpoa p apea o ece aoopaoae. pe ooc eoocpoa cocae 14 - 35 /3. a apaepca oaae eoocpo, ooe eoo cp.
 

eooo eoac, oae opo co cea oao, peap c oepo ca co cec. epee poco p oeo eepape. pe ooc 20 - 30 /3. eoopea oe ec ac.
 

epca eooo aepa. pecae coo ecoe ceo, cocoee oeca epeec a po apoopao op paepo 0,5-0,2. ooc: 170 /3, eopoooc: 0,06 /(*), pee pooc p ca: 125 /c2, ooooee: 1,55%, oe pacpe: 9*10(-6), oooee: o 56 , e aao eepap: o -200 o +500. ap c o eooo coca oo ooeco eeco eoacoc, eoceo ee co pooc, ecaooc, ooc, ooeoc, co opoocooc eopec, oco opao pocoa oaa, cocooc copa oaae a poe eoo pee oco. aepa coe o ce oo pee coa apa, e oepe opae aep pa, e poo po, e oepae ope, e ee a oc eec. oooo coea coc, o pa cepo, e ooo ec eooo ocpo aepao
 

o ecopo aepa, oae poo poeoo apoa pacae e o c eepapo pae e e 40 C. epa coec aece appe ac coe oo op poe.
 

oopee, cocoee caoe p a po apo c epeo opeeo. epoa coec paee a e c eopa pace.
 

paec o oe co eepap. p epee, oaec, epe ee paep, eo pacpae p. o ceac oop, o ec p e ap coe op, a epo eo oaaac oo cepea, o o, aoopo, caoc oe po, o ee.
 

ocpa ac coope, paee eo a a. o aae epep a ooe, eae, epae; o ope oce coae. ec eea oc epep c a .
 

eoa aa, peea epep ep, oo . . poeo.
 

pooe oa, ca op, opee po ooao.
 

cea opae peepoo pocpaca a epo ococ cooec co pe ocpe eoea. apep epea epcea coec ocpoe opoo pocpaca.
 

p coepae e eee 80% eca ac e oee 3% c.
 

epacope ce eeca, pae opac aopaco aepaa, acacca . . eopaece e opaec a ppoe cccee (ceece). ppo ea oocc, acoc, pae oc eea, apaa, poa pe coee (ee cp, opa, ), a ae eoope eco. eece e ec a opaece eopaece. co apaepca eo c e, ceo- aocepocooc, ecoc, pcoc, aoppoooc.
 

epacope ce eeca, pae opac aopaco aepaa, acacca . . eopaece e opaec a ppoe cccee (ceece). ppo ea oocc, acoc, pae oc eea, apaa, poa pe coee (ee cp, opa, ), a ae eoope eco. eece e ec a opaece eopaece. co apaepca eo c e, ceo- aocepocooc, ecoc, pcoc, aoppoooc.
 

oa oopa, oepaa epep, co, ap, co oco.
 

poo oc epa c, oop ce ac poop oo. cpa ec eopa eeo, ca epaoo ee ococ ce. eoop ca cpa oe c ocp cee ce.
 

eoo aca oo, e ca ac e pec ocoa ooc eac o ce p eeo oee. o a peec aaeo oa - o oa oo.
 

oco aepaa e op paep o ece e c, e papac, pe oce pepae ec c eo e oe caopooo occao co paep op, ee ocaec eoopa ocaoa eopa, aaea aceco eopae.
 

pae oc e opaee ooo.
 

o epoecoo pooca. ooc oocepco peeco , cpeccoae c ceec coa. oe o paoo pec , peepc opac eopa a.
 

-

ocpo aepa, coco peccoa peec cpe, cea c opaeeo, cooec oaa oo. opoocoe, ooceo eo opaaaec, eoce. peec p cpoce opaa ocp, epeopoo, oo.
 

ace oo p, coco paceac oa. a o ece aoce cec, eoepce eae pe ec, a ae p, coepae ooe ac paepo eee 0,001 , oope o po ca. , e ooe ac, aa c (o acca coecoo oo . . eeea, 1935 .), oe o ooo a, coca oopoo poc oo p aeo poaeco ae pec epe eo o. c oepaec co e p poepa, cao pe o, ca, popeae coc, eo opaoa o po pa poopa.
 

apaepe acoc aooo pacopa. e e ooc pacopa, e oee o coe pacea a opoao oepoc. epec o e ope oca caapo eoep acc oepoc ceepooeoo pacopa paaec caepa
a pae opeee ooc aoo cec co eaec oc, oee a opee e o 100. acca oca c e cocae 300 pa. eoepece paepe oca ao:
coa 145
aep ocoa 75
a coeoo pa oo peec pacop c ooc e oee 7-8 c oca oca, a ooeoo o 12-14 c.
 

oe oa oocc ce o eo op, aoec e oepoc pa a oepoc ooeo oooo
 

aoa a cae ao pc cpoe ocp. ooc oepae opoae ee ocp (a, epep). ooc opaec a epae ee (co, oo).
 

eeoeoa, oa, eaeca epea ocp. oopa cea epae o ope aoc a e acc pa.
 

o oa, pacpee ap a p. a, e o aoc a eoaae ooe (poeo), cpaaec eoooa pocoa.
 

oapoeoacoc oaae, o a aepa, o co coca coco epa opeee ap p opa eepapa opae cpe, e epa ee cae oapa opeeeoe oeco pee. p o a epo pee o epoeco acca oapoeoacoc aepao cocae 30 , a acaoe 360 . poe oo, ao aepa oe oaa epeoc, o ec cocooc peopaa pooee o ae opeo aa. ecooc epec: /
ee ec, o epepaae poe eee oepoc aepaa pee ee eo oapoeoac poeoac (c. poeoacoc) coc, ae oop oa ocoep cooeca cea.
 

ope oec e co (poeo ) "o epe". oeo oco o aepao c eopao oco.
 

( )

ep co oa, eocpeceo oepac caao oec.
 

ooe op oo, oee o oepcoepa cocao o peapeo oooeo ocoa ce.
 

" "

o, ocoae oopoo aac oopeae o ee (popoo c op eoocee, epoae p.).
 

""

o, oopoo ocoae ooc a po oope pocoe.
 

""

o, oopoo ocoae (ca) oeo aepaa c eocoee (S c. - ee pao 5 2/).
 

aepa a ocoe paoao oopao cec op co pa epa aoee.
 

eaec c oo 0,5 . ee copo a eo aece co oepa oo 35 , ae co po, accaopa a. pee copo aece co a, accaopa ceaoo op a ocoe oco co.
 

ooa, caa ococ ce a oo coeo aepa. ocpo oooa opopc, ea cooc coope.
 

coec p oe pao o oapa ce a oee, c aece paa ap pacopo.
 

apa pooea ococe pa, a oope aocc opoa co pacopa. a pao, o cae oe o oa pa pa
 

op (), ooe aoo aepaa.
 

pe a (aca) c oea aaa oapa o oa ocp cpo (o oep ece cocooc, ope, oce eopa eopa o opaoa co pe), popea o oe eepap a pooooo o o oepoc opa 220 C, e oopo ooo caoocaeee opaec aepao.
 

pe a (aca) c oea aaa oapa o oa ocp cpo (o oep ece cocooc, ope, oce eopa eopa o opaoa co pe), popea o oe eepap a pooooo o o oepoc opa 220 C, e oopo ooo caoocaeee opaec aepao.
 

aa ccee ec ocp a. poo opaec eocpeceo a oope ac coope ce, oo, o.
 

eooe oepce oo, cea, epep a. po peaae ececeo e a pocpac coope.
 

accoe e ce oopa, epepaeoe ao, o, apo p. ace poe paccoe e oc oop. poe ce paccoe e pe pa oop.
 

pa coa pea o epe, oea ceao o. pooo oopc a, ap, pe p. epeo oece.
 

poeo co oa, ca ope c eea coe oa ca op po oope "oce".
 

oco aepaa copoc pape o ece pe ape, a e ca p aopa (cecea caa, epaoepoe apeae . .).
 

ocpo aao oca, caa, ca opaa epepoo e eca epecee pacop oa.
 

p, oope p e poepa eac oee. c pa oo oec ee eae ec, cec, c . o cee coc p opaec a cao-, cpee- coce, peepoce p. ec pe cpee poc cac ec.
 

ee aco o paa (ope) aea a coope.